City Summary Archive
Nome reported a mean monthly temperature in January of -16.6°F, an extremely strong deviation of -21.8°F from the long term mean and making this the coldest January on record. The warmest monthly temperature was 21°F observed both on the 19thand 20thof January, while the coldest temperature on the 5thwith an unpleasant -40°F. New temperature minima were set on the 3rdof January, with a minimum of -37°F, surpassing the old minimum of -34°F, which was observed in 1949. The following day, the temperature dropped to -38°F, replacing the old record low of -34°F set in 1917. On the 5thJanuary, a low temperature of -40°F was reported, which matched the low temperature for this day set back in 1917. On the 12thJanuary, the minimum was ‑33°F, surpassing the old minimum of -32°F, which had been set in 1973. Finally, on the following day, the temperature dropped to -34°F, surpassing the old record of -32°F, also set in 1973. With the exception of few days during the middle of the month, the whole month was below normal.
Precipitation was very light, totaling 0.19", representing only 20% of the expected amount. The average wind speed for the month was light with 4.4 mph, and the highest gust observed was 54 mph on the 21st, blowing from a northerly direction.
King Salmon reported an average temperature of -6.7°F, far (-22.9°F) below to the long-term mean of 16.2°F. The high temperature for January was 37°F, recorded on the 10thof January while the low temperature of a chilly -40°F occurred on the 27th. New record low temperatures were set on the 12thof January, with a temperature of ‑35°F. The old record low of -29°F for this particular day was set in 1951. On the 25th, a minimum of -37°F was measured, replacing the old minimum of -32°F, which had occurred in 2006. The following day the temperature dropped to -39°F, replacing the old minimum of -34°F set in 1989.
The precipitation total was measured as 1.12", 10% above the normal of 1.02". Accordingly, the observed snowfall was slightly above the long-term average. On the 10thof January, 0.72" of precipitation were recorded, which is a new record for this day. It more than doubled the old record of 0.26", which had been set in 1957. Further, the snowfall for this day was 4.2", doubling the old record of 2.1" set in 1986. Average wind speed was 9.9 mph and the highest gust was recorded at 43 mph on the 10th, blowing from an easterly direction.
Kodiak's average temperature of 21.4°F in January was 9.1°F below the long-term mean. This is a substantial deviation, but comparable with most of the rest of Alaska for the month. It is also the third coldest January ever measured in Kodiak. The highest temperature measured 50°F on the 10th, while the low temperature of -5°F occurred both on the 23rdand on the 27thof the month. Remarkable were the strong temperature variation, with new daily maxima around the 10thand new daily minima around the 25thof the month. The maximum of 50°F on the 10thbroke the old maximum of 49°F set in 1937. Then the low of -5°F on the 23rdwas a tie for record low set back in 1947. A second minimum tie of -2°F occurred on the 26thmatching the temperature set back in 1944. On the 27tha temperature of -5°F was recorded, a new record minimum for this day. The previous record low was ‑4°F set in 1989
Monthly precipitation was measured at 4.72", substantially below the expected amount of 8.29". The snowfall on the 17thmeasured as 5.3", and 5.1" more fell on the following day. These are new records. The old record for the 17thhad been 4.0", set in 1976, and for the 18th, 4.4", set in 1988. The monthly amount of snowfall set a new record with 53.4", surpassing the old record of 40.4" set in 2004.
Big Delta reported a mean temperature of -21.4°F in January 2012, which is a very substantial 20.4°F below the long-term mean temperature. The high temperature of the month was observed on the 11that 14°F, while the low temperatures occurred on the 29thwith -50°F. In general, the daily temperature trace is similar to Fairbanks, however, extreme low temperature occurred less frequently, and only on 6 days were temperatures of -40°F or below recorded. As the Alaska Range is much closer to Big Delta than to Fairbanks, wind speeds are higher, and somewhat more mixing with the warmer air above occurs, weakening the surface temperature inversion. No new temperature records were observed.
Precipitation for the month measured as 0.48" water-equivalent and on the 6thof January 0.18" was recorded. This is a new record for this particular day, surpassing the old record of 0.12" of 1955.
Anchorage recorded an average temperature of 2.5°F, strongly below the normal of 17.1°F. The maximum temperature of the month occurred on the 11thwith 38°F, while a minimum temperature of -13°F was observed on the 29th. The observed temperatures were below normal for most of the month (with the exception of a warm spell around the 10thof January), and resulted in the fourth coldest January on record no new daily records were set.
Precipitation was reported at 1.31", which is 79% above the normal value. On 19 days of the month at least some snow was reported, and the monthly mean cloudiness was 60%. The average monthly wind speed was calculated as 5.4 mph.
In Juneau , the average temperature was 26.9°F, somewhat (1.4°F) below normal for January. The maximum temperatures for the month (42°F) occurred on the 7thand 8thand the minimum temperature of 2°F occurred on the 17th.
Precipitation totaled 6.43", which is 1.08" above normal. The snowfall total was 48.6", nearly twice the normal of 27.7", and the highest daily snowfall occurred on the 25thwith 6.8". The maximum snow depth at the airport was measured at 20" on the 30th. Two daily precipitation records were broken. On the 17th, 1.08" of water-equivalent were reported, just breaking the old record of 1.01" set in 1986. In addition, on the 29th, 6.3" of snow fell, replacing the old record of 6.0" set in 1954. As might be deduced from the high precipitation amount in Southeast Alaska, sky cover was high, with just 6 clear days, 1 partly cloudy day and 24 cloudy days. Average wind speed at Juneau Airport was 10.5 mph with a highest wind gust of a substantial 54 mph on the 7th.
In Fairbanks the average temperature for December was -17.3°F, an astounding 13.2°F below the long-term mean, and the second coldest December in the last 30 years, just behind December 2010. The lowest temperature for the month was bone chilling -48°F on the 17th, while the highest temperature was a balmy 34°F on the 31st, an increase in temperature of 82°F in two weeks. The month started off continuing the cold spell from November, warmed up for five days around the 11th, then stayed cold until the last week of the month. Ten days hit lows at -40°F or colder. No new record temperature events were recorded.
Precipitation was above normal in December, with a total of 1.19", 0.55" above the expected value of 0.64". Snowfall totaled 18.5" for the month, 12.1" above normal, with 18.2" of the total snowfall hitting between the 9th and 14th. A new record snowfall occurred on the 12th with 9.5", topping the old 1972 record of 5.7". In conjunction, the 12th saw new record precipitation total of 0.72", shattering the old record of 0.17", also from 1972. With the protracted winter storm, Fairbanks had nearly eliminated its winter snow deficit. The mean wind speed was 1.1 mph, with a maximum gust of 26 mph on the 13th, blowing from a westerly direction.
In Fairbanks the average temperature for November was -8.8°F, a remarkable 11.4°F below the long-term mean. The lowest temperature for the month was -31°F on the 30th, while the highest temperature was 22°F on the 10th. With the exception of a couple days around the 10th, temperatures tended to be on the cold side throughout the month, and this resulted in the 6th coldest November on record. No new record temperature events were recorded.
Precipitation was below normal in November, with a total of 0.29", 0.38" below the expected value of 0.67". Snowfall totaled 4.2" for the month, 9.0" below normal. Fairbanks reported less than half the normal snowfall for the season. The mean wind speed was 2.5 mph, with a maximum gust of 24 mph on the 19th, blowing from a northeasterly direction.
In Fairbanks the average temperature for October was 22.5°F, 1.7°F below the long-term mean. The lowest temperature for the month was -11°F on the 24th, while the highest temperature was a balmy 61°F on the 4th. Temperatures started out warm for the first third of the month, and afterwards tended to be on the cold side after that. No new record temperature events were recorded.
Breaking the trend for the last three months, precipitation was above normal in October, with a total of 1.40", 0.57" above the expected value of 0.83". Nearly half of the monthly precipitation was observed from the 6th to the 8th. On the 7th, the total of 0.21" tied the record for that day set in 1989. Then the next day the total of 0.55" set a new record precipitation. The old record from 1974 had been 0.28". Snowfall totaled 7.1" for the month, 3.7" below normal. Only 35% of the total precipitation fell as snow. The mean wind speed was 2.9 mph, with a maximum gust of 28 mph on the 31st, blowing from an easterly direction.