City Summary Archive
King Salmon reported an average temperature of 17.6°F, below (deviation -1.0°F) the long-term mean of 18.6°F. The highest temperature in December was 51°F, recorded on the 3rd of December. This represents a new absolute high for this day. The previous record was 48°F set in 2002. On the following day a maximum temperature of 46°F was observed, surpassing the old record of 45°F by 1°F set in 2008. The low temperature of the month of -31°F occurred on the last day of December. However, the previous day recorded a low of -29°F, which represents a new record minimum for this day, as the previous record was -25°F set in 1997. In general, the first 2/3 of the month was seasonally somewhat too warm. Thereafter, the temperatures dropped steadily, and by the end of the month far below normal temperatures were observed. The precipitation total was measured at 1.64", above the long term mean of 1.23". Especially remarkable was the record snowfall event on the 11th December with 10", setting a new record for this day. The old record, set in 1963, was only 3", hence it was really an extraordinary event, shattering the old record by more than a factor of 3. Average wind speed was 8.8 mph and the highest gust was recorded at 61 mph on the 10th, blowing from a southeasterly direction.
Kodiak reported for December an average temperature of 28.4°F. The mean monthly temperature was 2.8°F below the long-term mean of 31.2°F. The maximum temperature of 47°F for the month occurred on the 2nd this represents a new absolute high for this specific day. The old record was 46°F from 1992. The daily record high temperature was matched on the 18th at 44.0°F. This ties 1985, 1969 and 1937. The lowest temperature happened on the last day of the month with ‑3°F. This day and on two previous days new record low temperatures were tied or broken. On the 27th December the low temperature went down to 4°F, which tied the old value set in 1970. On the 30th the temperature dropped to 3°F, establishing a new record for the day. The previous record was 5°F, set in both, 2006 and 1997. The last day of the month was the coldest (-3°F), shattering the old record low from 1974 by 5°F. Precipitation was reported as 5.92", 68% of the long-term value and 8.8" of snow were measured for the month, again about 2/3 of normal. The mean wind speed was 9.2 mph and on the 18th of the month a gust blowing from the south of 60 mph was recorded, the highest value for the month.
For December Big Delta experienced markedly warmer than normal temperatures for the first two thirds of the month. Two new daily maximum temperature records were set. First on the 3rd with 46°F, +4°F above the old record set back in 1963. The next day saw the temperatures soar to 51°F, an amazing +11°F above the 1969 record of 40°F. This was also the warmest temperature of the month. The final third of the month recorded lower than normal temperatures, however, the overall monthly mean temperature was still a significant +6.1°F above normal. December ended up being 13.1°F warmer than November, which had been seasonably very cold. The lowest temperature of the month was experienced on the 29th at -29°F. Precipitation was heavier than normal with a total water equivalent of 0.74", nearly twice the normal of 0.38". No record precipitation events were recorded.
Big Delta, some 100 miles from Fairbanks and also in Interior Alaska, had a similar, but even slightly larger (-11.2°F) negative deviation from the long-term mean. Big Delta reported a mean temperature of -4.9°F, very, very cold for November. Normally the winter temperature for this area is slightly higher than Fairbanks, as it is closer to the Alaska Range hence, the "Föhn" is more pronounced. The warmest temperature of the month was 22°F on the 30th. As in Fairbanks, the middle of the month was especially cold. On the 19th November, a minimum temperature of -36°F was recorded, establishing a new record for this day. The old record was -34°F, which had occurred in 1963. This was also the coldest minimum for the month. A couple of days later (21 November), a minimum temperature of -35°F occurred, matching the old value for this day established in 1960. Precipitation totaled 0.25" water-equivalent, much too dry for the month, and surpassing even Fairbanks, both in the slight amount as well as the deviation from normal. It represents only 40% of the expected value.
Anchorage recorded an average temperature of 14.0°F, a substantial negative deviation of 8.2°F below the long term mean for November. The maximum temperature of the month occurred on the 1st and 2nd November with 33°F, while a minimum temperature of -8°F was observed on the 19th of the month. This represents a new record for this day. The old record was -7°F set in 1963. Precipitation was reported at 2.32", exactly double the normal value of 1.16". Further, 32.4" fell as snow during the month, 19.30" above the normal snowfall. The mean monthly cloudiness was relatively high and during the whole month only 3 clear day were observed, 9 were partly cloudy and 18 reported overcast conditions. An average monthly wind speed of 7.6 mph was observed and a top gust of 50 mph occurred on the 1st.
In Juneau, the average November temperature was 29.7°F, 3.7°F below the long-term mean of 33.4°F. The maximum temperatures for the month (43°F) occurred on the 1st and the minimum temperature (7°F) was recorded on the 20th November. Precipitation totaled 7.68", 1.69" above the long-term mean. Due to the colder temperatures, a higher percentage of the precipitation fell as snow, and a total of 50.2" were measured, more than 3 times the average amount. On the 5th November, 5.3" were recorded at the airport, smashing the old record of 1.0" set in 1984. On the 14th 11.6" snow fell, more than doubling the old record of 5.3" set in 2009. This storm led to the closure of public schools on this day. As might be deduced from the high precipitation amount in Southeast Alaska, sky cover averaged 90%, with 2 clear days, 4 partly cloudy days and 24 cloudy days. Average wind speed at Juneau Airport was 8.4 mph with a highest wind gust of a substantial 53 mph on the 1st November. Due to this storm, power outages were reported for 5,000 customers on November 1st.
Ketchikan's average temperature of 36.4°F in November was 2.0°F below the long-term mean. The highest temperature of the month measured 48°F on the 1st, while the low temperature of 23°F occurred on the 17th of the month. The temperature followed more closely the long-term mean than other stations in Alaska for November, and no new temperature extremes were observed. Monthly precipitation was measured at 18.24", somewhat above the expected amount of 16.63". The highest daily precipitation occurred on the 1st with 2.93".
Barrow reported an average temperature in November of -0.2°F, below but relatively close to the normal of 0.7°F. A maximum temperature of 28°F occurred on the 1st, and a minimum temperature of -23°F was observed on the 23rd of November. Particularly during the middle of the month, seasonally above normal temperatures occurred. No new temperature extremes were observed during November. Precipitation in Barrow, which is low like all of Northern Alaska, totaled 0.23", very close to the normal of 0.21". This represents 7.9" of snow. The amount of 0.07" water-equivalent (1.5" of snow) on the 1st of the month tied the old record for this day. The mean monthly wind speed was 11.9 mph and a gust of 53 mph occurred on the 9th.
Nome reported a mean monthly temperature in November of 7.4°F, a very strong negative deviation negative deviation of 9.5°F from the long term mean. The warmest monthly temperature was 36°F, observed on the 9th of November, while the coldest temperature occurred on the 27th and 29th of the month at -17°F. The temperatures were seasonally too cold for most of the month, especially in the later 2/3. Despite these unusually cold conditions, no new temperature extremes were observed during November. Precipitation was far below the expected range, totaling just 0.49" the mean value for November is 1.22". The average wind speed for the month was 8.3 mph, and the highest gust observed was 66 mph on the 9th.