Cold Bay


Map of Cold Bay area
Cold Bay station history
Cold Bay temperature history

Map of Cold Bay

Map of Cold Bay area and Thornbrough Air Force Base, USGS Cold Bay map sheet, 1943 revised 1975. Squares are townships, 6 miles on a side, elevations in feet.

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Cold Bay Station History

Located on the west shore of Cold Bay, a broad inlet almost completely crossing the Alaska Peninsula near its western tip. Frosty Peak rises over 5000 feet around 8 miles to the SW. Current coordinates 55 degrees 12' N, 162 degrees 43' W, elevation 96 feet. Opened by U.S. Army (Fort Randall) 2/17/1942. Changed to U.S. Air Force (Thornborough Air Force Base) 4/1/1948. Moved 0.3 miles NE and 2 feet up to T-2 Headquarters Building 10/30/53. Moved 0.3 miles SW and down to the Northwest Airlines Radio Building 5 feet 7/1/54; USWS took over observations and temperature ht first recorded (4 feet). Move 0.5 mile N and down 5 feet to Cold Bay Airport 8/4/55; temperature instrument raised to 7 feet. Moved 2000 feet SSE and up 4 feet to IFSS Building #400 4/21/61, temperature ht down to 6 feet. Moved 106 feet N and 10 feet downhill 9/1/62. Move 0.1 mile SW 11/18/62. Hygrothermometer HO6 series comissioned 8/9/63, 515 feet SW of old site. Hygrothermometer replaced by HO8 series 10/2/85.

Initial observation time unknown. Observation time 7 pm starting 4/1/48. Observation time changed to midnight 7/1/54 - present aside from 1983 time zone change.

Observer USWS.

Record length moderate. Data continuity good; 2 months missing 1952 and one month 1953. Site continuity fair to good.

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Cold Bay Temperature History

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Geophysical InstituteInt'l Arctic Research Center