Map of Kodiak area
Kodiak station history
Kodiak temperature history

Map of Kodiak

Map of Kodiak, USGS Kodiak map sheet, 1952 with minor revisions 1983. Squares are townships, 6 miles on a side; elevations in feet.

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Kodiak Station History

Located on the eastern end of Kodiak Island, a large island southeast of the Alaska peninsula and topographically a continuation of the Kenai peninsula. The terrain is rugged, with numerous peaks exceeding 2000 feet elevation within a couple of miles of tidewater. Current coordinates 57 degrees 45' N, 152 degrees 30' W, elevation 15 feet, AAG page 45.

Isolated and incomplete early data exist from Fort Kodiak (57 degrees 48', 152 degrees 21', el. 155 feet, all questionable) from 1/1/1869 - 9/30 1873 and 7/1/1881-9/30/1890. The more or less continuous record starts from the experimental station1/1/1908 at 57 degrees 48'N, 152 degrees 24'W, elevation 155 feet. Instrumentation was standard and temperature was observed at 5 feet. Temperature(?) instruments moved 6/20 1918. Station may have been moved when taken over by the Naval Radio Service 8/1/28. 3 foot drop in site elevation recorded 3/1/31; move possible. 7/1/41 LCD shows Building #36, USCG Base. Move 5 miles WNW and 131 feet down 1/20/42 in coded data; LCD shows no change. Temperature measured at 36 feet (rooftop?). Temperature site moved 7 feet lower in 1954 but still 36 feet above ground. Temperature height above ground lowered to 6 feet as of 9/8/59, but LCD says extreme thermometers stayed at 36 feet. USWS took over observations from US Navy 1/1/73. Temperature moved back to 36 feet 3/12/73. HO6 series hygrothermometer installed at 6 feet 5/31/73; CR shelter and max/min thermometers removed 10/31/73. Change to HO8 series hygrothermometer 7/10/85.

Observation time in 1908 shown as 6 pm. Changed to midnight 6/20/1918 and remained there for balance of record aside form change due to time zone shift end of October 1983, since when observation time is 11 pm 150WMT.

Current observer USWS; US Navy 1928-1973.

Length good but broken, data continuity fair with considerable missing in 40's, site continuity poor.

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Kodiak Temperature History

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Geophysical InstituteInt'l Arctic Research Center