Seward


Index

Map of Seward area
Seward station history
Seward temperature history


Map of Seward


Map of Seward area, USGS Seward map sheet, 1953 with limited revisions 1985. Large squares are townships, 6 miles on a side; elevations in feet.

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Seward Station History

Seward is located at the head of Resurrection Bay, a south-facing fjord on the exposed and mountainous east side of the Kenai peninsula. Permanent icefields and/or glaciers occur on both sides of the fjord, as well as elevations exceeding 4000'. Topographically, the fjord extends northward as a straight glacial valley to Kenai Lake. Current coordinates 60 degrees 7' N, 149 degrees 27' W, elevation 35 feet.

Observation started 2/1/1908 with a non-standard shelter and thermometers at 3 feet. The 62 feet site elevation is considered questionable. Move 0.2 miles SE 7/1/1918. Thermometers raised to 4 feet 5/23. Gap in station history 4/30/25 - 4/1/29. Unknown move over that time, only instrument listed until September was a rain gage. Move 0.6 miles NNW 9/1/29, CR shelter and max min thermometers at 4 feet, frst time lat and long considered reliable, though elevation still questioned. Move half mile SSE 1/25/41, elevation no longer suspect. Move 1.3 miles NNW and 54 feet uphill to 116 feet 2/3/42, temperature height 3 feet. Move 0.1 mile E and down 21 feet 9/17/44; temperature height 5 feet. Move 1.3 miles SSE and downhill 19 feet 8/14/45; temperature height 4 feet. Move 0.1 mile N and down 10 feet 4/21/47; temperature height 5 feet. Move 0.1 mile S and up 10 feet 6/25/48. Elevation change from 76 feet to 70 feet recorded 11/5/65. This may reflect resurveying after the Good Friday Earthquake of 3/27/64; the area did drop in elevation at that time. Move 0.1 mile SE 7/1/70; temperature ht 6. Move 0.2 miles S and 35 feet downhill 8/4/75. Observation time 5 pm start of record. Changed to 4pm 7/1/18. 3 pm 9/1/29; 9 am 1/25/41; 3 pm 2/3/42. Changed to 5 pm 4/21/47; 6 pm 6/1/57; 5 pm 7/1/70; midnight 8/4/75; 2 am 1/1/78; 3 pm 9/1/87; 3 am 11/6/87.

Observations since 1978 by aviation weather observer. Various individuals prior to that time.

Length of record good but incomplete. Data continuity good since 40's, poor earlier. Site continuity poor.


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Seward Temperature History




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Geophysical InstituteInt'l Arctic Research Center